Borneo is the third largest island in the world and one of the most biodiverse areas on earth. The Kalimantan provinces belong to Indonesia, while the states of Sarawak and Sabah are Malaysian territory, and the remaining areas Bruneian territory. The island has a series of mountain ranges, including the Muller, Crocker and Kapuas Hulu Mountains, as well as several rivers, vital for trade and home to remote tribal communities.
Scientists have been fascinated by the island of Borneo for hundreds of years, and it has played a vital role in the theory of evolution. The tropical rainforest is home to thousands of endemic mammal and plant species, including the Bornean orangutan. The orangutan population has dramatically declined in recent years due to deforestation and poaching, so rehabilitation centres have been set up in the rainforest in an effort to protect this endangered species.
Elephants in Danau Sentarum National Park
Other species living on the island include pygmy elephants, clouded leopards and eastern Sumatran rhinoceroses. Around 15,000 plant species thrive on Borneo, from the Rafflesia plants which produce the world's largest flowers measuring up to one metre wide, to the thousands of wild orchids. Some of the island's plants have been used in medical research, providing potential cures for certain types of cancer and strains of HIV.
Extend your holiday to Borneo with a stay in Kuching, a city with a fascinating mix of Malay and Chinese cultures. Other holiday extensions include Lambir Hills National Park, a diverse forest ecosystem and the Mulu Caves in the UNESCO-listed Gunung Mulu National Park. The cave network boasts the world's largest underground chamber, the Sarawak Chamber.